The Ultimate Orthopnea Quiz
Orthopnea and related conditions, such as paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, are conditions causing breathlessness while you sleep. They are indications of serious problems occurring in your body and should not be ignored.
Question 1 of 10
In what position do people with orthopnea find it difficult to breathe?
... Orthopnea is a condition which makes it difficult to breathe while lying down.
Question 2 of 10
How is the severity of orthopnea often measured?
... People with orthopnea often prop themselves up with pillows to ease their breathing when lying down. The severity of orthopnea can therefore be measured by how many pillows you require to be comfortable. An example of a measurement of severity is the term "three-pillow orthopnea."
Question 3 of 10
What serious condition does orthopnea often indicate?
... Orthopnea is often a sign of heart failure and medical advice should be sought, even if you can manage it with pillows.
Question 4 of 10
What builds up in the lungs when a person lies down?
... Blood volume redistributes from the lower extremities to the lungs when a person lies down, causing a fluid build up. In a person with heart failure, the heart is unable to manage this and the person may feel short of breath.
Question 5 of 10
What sort of diet is recommended for people with orthopnea?
... A low-salt diet is recommended for people with orthopnea, as salt promotes fluid retention in the body.
Question 6 of 10
What sort of medications are used as a first line of defense for treating orthopnea?
... Diuretics are water removing tablets that help to remove fluid from the lungs. Other heart medications are also generally used to fix the source of the problem and heart surgery might be a last resort.
Question 7 of 10
What other symptom of heart failure often occurs with orthopnea?
... Swelling in the feet and ankles is a symptom of heart failure that often occurs with orthopnea. You may be put on diuretics to treat this, which can cause frequent urination as water is removed from the body.
Question 8 of 10
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea is a condition related to orthopnea. How does one experience it?
... Sudden attacks of breathing difficulty while you are sleeping are characteristic of paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Unlike orthopnea where difficulty breathing is immediate, it takes a few hours of lying down for paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea to occur.
Question 9 of 10
How can you relieve paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea?
... Sitting or standing up is the only way to relieve paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Although paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea is called cardiac asthma, because it has very similar signs and symptoms to regular asthma, it is a very different condition and ventolin is not an appropriate treatment.
Question 10 of 10
Why does paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea occur so suddenly?
... Although the causes of breathlessness are very similar to that of orthopnea, it is unknown why it occurs so suddenly.
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