First Aid for Hypothermia

Hypothermia occurs when the body's core temperature drops dangerously low. It can result from prolonged exposure to cold, especially when it's wet or windy. Left untreated, it can be fatal.

Symptoms: Cool skin, shivering, numbness, change in level of con­sciousness, slurred speech

Emergency Treatment
  1. Move victim to warmer area or out of wind. If victim is unconscious, call for EMS, and check breathing. If breathing stops, see rescue breathing.

  2. Have victim rest.

  3. Remove wet clothing.

  4. Wrap victim in dry blankets or clothing.

  5. If victim is conscious and able to drink, give warm, nonalcoholic, noncaffeinated liquid.

  6. If victim does not improve within a few minutes or worsens, call for EMS. Monitor ABCs (see ABCs) until EMS arrives.
To learn more about first aid and emergency care, see:
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