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First Aid

        Health | First Aid

First Aid CPR
If an adult is not breathing and has no signs of circulation, call for EMS if this has not already been done. Then begin CPR.

If a child or infant is not breathing and has no signs of circulation, give CPR for 2 minutes before calling EMS (if this has not already been done). Then resume CPR.

Child or Adult:
  1. Place your hand on the breastbone midway between the nipples.

  2. Use the heel of just one hand for a child, and place other hand on child's forehead. For adult, place other hand on top of hand that is positioned on breastbone.

    CPR
    Place your hand on the
    breastbone midway
    between the nipples.

  3. Align your shoulder(s) above your hand(s) and straighten your elbow(s), using the weight of your upper body to do chest compression.

    CPR
    Use the weight of your
    upper body to help
    you compress.

  4. Perform 30 compressions at a rate of 100 per minute. Count aloud at a steady and fast pace to achieve this rate.

    -Child: Use one hand to give chest compressions, compressing the chest 1-1.5 inches each time.
    -Adult: Use both hands to give chest compressions, compressing the chest 1.5-2 inches each time.

  5. With victim's head tilted back, pinch victim's nose, place your mouth over victim's mouth, and give 2 breaths for an adult or child.

  6. Repeat Steps 4-5 five times. This should take about 2 minutes.

  7. Recheck for signs of circulation and breathing. If victim does not have signs of circulation and does not begin breathing, continue CPR until the victim's signs of circulation and breathing return or until EMS arrives.
Infant:
  1. Place two of your fingers on the breastbone just below the nipple line.

    CPR
    Use only two fingers when
    utilizing CPR with an infant.

  2. Place your other hand on the infant's forehead to keep the head tilted back and the airway open.

  3. Using your two fingers, give 30 chest compressions, compressing the chest about .5 to 1 inch each time.

    CPR
    Keep one hand on the
    infant's forehead to keep
    the airway open.

  4. With the infant's head tilted back, cover the infant's mouth and nose with your mouth and give two gentle breaths.

  5. Repeat Steps 3-4 about four more times, which should take about 2 minutes.

  6. Recheck for signs of circulation and breathing. If infant does not have signs of circulation and does not begin breathing, continue CPR until EMS arrives.
To learn more about first aid and emergency care, see:
This information is solely for informational purposes. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. Neither the Editors of Consumer Guide (R), Publications International, Ltd., the author nor publisher take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading or following the information contained in this information. The publication of this information does not constitute the practice of medicine, and this information does not replace the advice of your physician or other health care provider. Before undertaking any course of treatment, the reader must seek the advice of their physician or other health care provider.

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