Personality disorders affect the way a person sees and interacts with the world, from attitudes to relationships to behaviors. These disorders may be caused by a genetic predisposition or environmental factors such as the influences of early childhood, or a combination of the two.
Personality disorders are organized into three clusters:
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Cluster A includes disorders that are characterized by odd or eccentric behaviors.
Cluster B includes disorders that are characterized by dramatic or erratic behaviors.
Cluster C includes disorders that are characterized by anxious or fear-driven behaviors.
Signs & Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of personality disorders differ for each cluster. People diagnosed with a disorder from Cluster A may have the following symptoms:
Paranoid Personality Disorder
- Exaggerated belief that people are trying to exploit or malign you
- A complete lack of trust in other people
- Quickly and easily offended
- Rigid, inflexible behaviors and beliefs
Schizoid Personality Disorder
- Limited range of emotions and emotional expression
- Lack of personal relationships, indifference to social interaction
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
- Flat emotions
- Inability to correctly interpret events
- Lack of intimate relationships
- Magical thinking/belief in special mental powers
- Social anxiety, socially withdrawn
See the next page to learn about the types of Cluster B personality disorders.