Binet, Alfred (1857–1911), a French experimental psychologist. The Binet-Simon Scale of Intelligence (1905, revised 1908 and 1911), by Binet and Theodore Simon, was the first successful standardized intelligence test. The scale led to the first use of the terms “mental age" and “intelligence quotient" (IQ). Translated and revised by other psychologists, the scale became the basis for several widely used tests of intelligence. Binet was born in Nice. He studied at the Sorbonne and became director of a psychological laboratory. Binet and Simon developed the intelligence test at the request of the minister of public instruction, who wanted a diagnostic tool to help identify mentally retarded children.
Fear of flying, fear of heights, fear of needles -- chances are you or someone you know has one of these common phobias.
Although unpleasant, nightmares are essential to our dreams. Nightmares are a manifestation of other common feelings like stress and anxiety. They aren't as straight forward as they seem, but there are several common nightmares most of us experience.