Great Psychologists

Great psychologists include famous psychoanalysts like Freud and Jung as well as lesser known psychiatrists. Learn how great psychologists have contributed to our knowledge of psychology.

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McDougall, William

McDougall, William (1871-1938) was a British psychologist who founded the school of purposive psychology, which suggested that humans and animals act for specific purposes, with the actions directed toward achieving certain goals.


Freud, Anna (1895-1982), an Austrian-born British psychoanalyst. She was an authority on the teachings of her father, Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, and she also made important contributions to child psychology.

Freud, Sigmund

Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939), the Austrian physician who founded psychoanalysis.

Fromm, Erich (1900-1980), a German-American psychoanalyst and author. He applied psychoanalytic theory to problems of culture and society.

Horney, Karen (Danielsen) (1885-1952), a United States psychoanalyst. Disagreeing with Sigmund Freud's teachings, she held that anxiety and neurosis are caused by environmental and cultural factors in conflict with the individual's drive towards self-realization.

Baldwin, James Mark (1861-1934), a United States psychologist. He specialized in child and social psychology.

Binet, Alfred (1857-1911), a French experimental psychologist. The Binet-Simon Scale of Intelligence (1905, revised 1908 and 1911), by Binet and Theodore Simon, was the first successful standardized intelligence test.

Jastrow, Joseph (1863-1944), a United States psychologist. He opposed the theory of psychoanalysis and ridiculed spiritualism and experiments in psychical research.

Judd, Charles Hubbard (1873-1946), a United States educator and psychologist.

Koffka, Kurt (1886-1941), a German-American psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Max Wertheimer, Koffka was a founder of the Gestalt school of psychology.