Sometimes surgery -- for either the male or female -- is needed to correct the problem. For example, men with varicocele (that's that unfortunately placed varicose vein) might opt for surgery, and it can also help men with vasectomies, retrograde ejaculation or blockages.
Women might decide to go with surgery if they have similar blockages or other issues with their fallopian tubes. When it comes to endometriosis -- a growth of uterine tissue in improper portions of the body like the abdominal wall, ovaries, fallopian tubes and bowels -- surgery can sometimes remove the scar tissue, allowing the affected organs to function properly again. Typically this is done with laparoscopy, a procedure that involves sending a lighted instrument into the abdomen to have a look around, followed by the removal of any scar tissue that's found there.
If none of the previous tactics have helped you and your partner conceive, there's still one more major option to discuss with your doctor or infertility specialist. We'll hit on that one on the next page.