You can't avoid stress -- it's everywhere! And no matter the source of your stress, it's doing certain things to your body. Take this quiz to find out what's going on when stress sets in.
Question 1 of 20
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), what percentage of all illnesses and disease is stress-related?
... Medical research suggests that up to 90 percent of all illness and disease is stress-related.
Question 2 of 20
What happens in the mouth and throat during stress?
... During times of acute stress, fluids are diverted from nonessential locations, including the mouth. This causes dryness and difficulty talking. In addition, stress can cause spasms of the throat muscles, making it difficult to swallow.
Question 3 of 20
Stress can cause alopecia areata. What part of the body does this disorder affect?
... Alopecia areata is hair loss that occurs in localized patches.
Question 4 of 20
Long-term exposure to the stress hormone cortisol has been linked to shrinking in what part of the brain?
... Studies have connected long-term exposure to excess amounts of cortisol to shrinking of the hippocampus, the brain's memory center.
Question 5 of 20
In response to a stressor, a part of the brain called the HPA system is activated. What does HPA stand for?
... HPA refers to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system.
Question 6 of 20
What are glucocorticoids?
... Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones, a class that includes the primary stress hormone cortisol. The HPA systems trigger the production and release of these hormones.
Question 7 of 20
Why do neurotransmitters suppress areas in the brain concerned with short-term memory, concentration and inhibition during a stressful event?
... During a stressful event, neurotransmitters suppress activity in areas at the front of the brain concerned with short-term memory, which allows the person to react quickly to the stressor. At the same time, neurotransmitters signal the hippocampus to store the experience in long-term memory.
Question 8 of 20
What is the circulatory system's response to stress?
... During the stress response, the spleen discharges red and white blood cells, allowing the blood to transport more oxygen throughout the body. Blood flow may increase 300 to 400 percent, priming the muscles, lungs and brain for added demands.
Question 9 of 20
Children often experience stress. What did the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend in 2006 as a way to combat stress in children?
... A report issued in October 2006 by the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended more unstructured play time for children. The report noted that today's overscheduled, hurried lifestyle was a source of stress and anxiety for children.
Question 10 of 20
Which vitamin has been shown to reduce stress levels but also carries the possible side effects of headaches, diarrhea and kidney stones?
... In one 2002 study, high doses of vitamin C reduced stress levels and blood pressure. However, the doses given were higher than the recommended upper limit of 2,000 mg per day. High doses may cause headaches and diarrhea. Long-term use increases risk for kidney stones and has other adverse effects in specific individuals.
Question 11 of 20
The first step of eliminating stress is:
... The first step of conquering your stress inducers is to identify them.
Question 12 of 20
Which of the following is a reason why a little stress is good for you?
... Going too long without the sharp stimulating response brought on by stress, the body tends to lose some of its ability to handle stress properly.
Question 13 of 20
Which of the following lifestyle choices are NOT beneficial for the brain and reducing stress levels?
... Lack of sleep causes mood changes, poor eating habits and an increase in stress levels.
Question 14 of 20
What percentage of all prescriptions written in America each year are anti-anxiety medications?
... Twenty-five percent of all prescriptions written in the U.S are for tranquilizers, antidepressants, and anti-anxiety medications.
Question 15 of 20
Which of the following illnesses goes hand in hand with stress?
... Stress and depression have much in common. One often leads to the other.
Question 16 of 20
Short term stress may prevent which of the following illnesses?
... Short-term (a healthy dose) stress activates brain cells. This brain stimulation may prevent Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.
Question 17 of 20
Long-term stress, anxiety and depression can cause which of the following illnesses?
... Long-term stress stimulates growth of the proteins that might cause Alzheimer’s and can lead to memory loss.
Question 18 of 20
What percentage of the general population experiences some stress every two weeks?
... Seventy-five percent of the general population has some amount of stress about twice per month.
Question 19 of 20
Which are more prone to developing anxiety disorders as a result of stress?
... Women are more susceptible to developing depression because of stress. Sex hormones modulate stress response.
Question 20 of 20
Which of the following harmful behaviors are contributed to by stress?
... Stress contributes to the development of alcoholism, obesity, suicide, drug addiction, and other harmful behaviors.
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