When you spend a lot of time indoors you are more likely to suffer from allergy symptoms to dust, pet dander, and mold. If you suffer from winter allergies, you can get tested to identify allergens to help you avoid allergy triggers. You can take medication to relieve your symptoms, in pill or spray form. Sometimes allergic reactions can't be controlled by medication, and are so severe that they can even be life-threatening. Immunotherapy is a long-term therapy for allergies. A series of injections exposes the body to the allergen, to develop resistance. If you have asthma you are more likely to develop an allergy, and asthma attacks are often triggered by allergies.
You can control your winter allergy symptoms at home by keeping your house free of allergens that can trigger a reaction. Try to avoid using a humidifier, and keep your home humidity level below 35 percent. Wash bedding, nightclothes and stuffed animals frequently with hot water. Keep your pillows and mattress covered to protect against dust mites. Carpets and curtains are also dust traps that should be avoided, or vacuumed regularly. Use a vacuum with a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter, and wear a mask while dusting. This will help against household airborne irritants, such as dust and pet dander. Use an exhaust fan and open windows to keep the bathroom and kitchen free of mold, but keep your windows closed at night to keep humidity out. Keep plants out of the bedroom, and limit plants around the house. Decaying leaves together with humidity can cause mold to grow. Household irritants can trigger asthma attacks in allergy sufferers, so watch out for exposure to sprays and chemicals, gas fumes from the garage and smoke. To control your symptoms outdoors, avoid working outdoors in damp weather.