Common symptoms of spring allergies are itching, runny or stuffy nose, sneezing and other eye and throat irritations. These are caused when the body releases histamine to defend itself against allergens. Over-the-counter medications can help relieve these symptoms, but they may make you drowsy and have other side effects. Some may require a doctor's prescription and some decongestants may also cause dependence if used too often.
One way to treat allergies is by avoiding known allergens. You can start by trying to reduce your exposure to the allergens that trigger your symptoms and make you miserable. You can't eliminate allergens, but you can do your best to stay away from them outside, and keep them from bothering you indoors. Check pollen forecasts and start taking your allergy medication before the symptoms start. Pollen counts are usually highest in the morning. Stay indoors on dry windy days, and wait for the rain to clear the air of pollen. Leave the gardening to others, so the weeds and grass don't get you itching, sneezing and tearing. Filter the air in your home with a HEPA filter to keep it allergen free.
If you are suffering from irritated nasal cavities, you can try rinsing them with a neti pot and a warm salt water solution. Nasal irrigation clears out irritants, bacteria and mucous from the nose. Some natural remedies are known to relieve spring allergy symptoms, such as extracts of butterbur and stinging nettle. These herbs may have natural anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties. They can be taken in capsules, tincture or tea. Another natural supplement that may be beneficial is quercetin, which is found in spicy foods, such as cayenne pepper, garlic and onions. It can be taken in capsule form. Some natural remedies on the market may not help at all, and others may not be safe. Consult your doctor for effective treatment options.