Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. One American will die every 33 seconds from cardiovascular disease.
Heart attack, the most visible sign of heart disease, strikes about 1.1 million people each year. Over 40 percent of them will die. Because knowing the symptoms may save your life or that of a loved one, keep in mind that not everybody will experience a heart attack in the same way. Women and diabetics may be more likely to experience symptoms outside of the classic "crushing chest pain." Nausea, dizziness, stomach or abdominal pain, shortness of breath, sweating, paleness, anxiety, weakness or fatigue may all be indicators of a heart attack.
"Everything should be viewed in the context of risk factors," says Alison D. Schecter, M.D., F.A.C.C., an assistant professor at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine and co-director of the Women's CARE Program. "If you're a healthy woman at 20, and you feel stomach upset, it's unlikely that it's your heart." But if you experience these "atypical" symptoms, don't have an explanation for them, and are at risk for a heart attack, seek immediate medical attention, she says. Also seek medical help if you experience chest pain or these other symptoms when you exercise.
Be particularly aware of all heart attack symptoms if you have the following risk factors:
- high blood pressure
- high blood cholesterol
- lack of physical activity
- obese or overweight
- family history: you have a first-degree male relative (father, grandfather, brother) with heart disease before the age of 55 or a first-degree female relative (mother, grandmother, sister) with heart disease before the age of 65
- woman after the age of 55
- man after the age of 45