Diabetes Pills

There are several types of pills used to treat diabetes:

  • sulfonylureas 
  • biguanides 
  • alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • thiazolidinediones 
  • meglitinides 
  • DPP-4 inhibitors

To learn more about how to take these diabetes medications, as well as about possible side effects and potential drug interactions, click on the specific drug type on the chart below.

brand names generic
Dymelor acetohexamide
Diabinese chlorpropamide
Amaryl glimepiride
Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL glipizide
DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase glyburide
Tolinase tolazamide
Orinase tolbutamide 


brand generic
Glucovance combination drug
Glucophage metformin HCl


Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors
brand generic
Precose acarbose
Glyset miglitol


brand generic
Prandin repaglinide 
Starlix nateglinide 


brand generic
Actos pioglitazone HCl
Avandia rosiglitazone maleate


DPP-4 Inhibitors
brand generic
Januvia sitagliptin

Written by award-winning health writer Bobbie Hasselbring
Reviewed by Beth Seltzer, MD
Last updated June 2008