What side effects should I watch for with GERD medications?

If you're bothered by side effects, your doctor can often help by changing:

  • How much medication you take. Sometimes side effects can be stopped or minimized by reducing the dose, or your doctor may lower the dose and then raise it slowly.
  • When you take the medication. For example, you may be able to cope with drowsiness by taking your medication in the evening.
  • How you take the medication. Taking your medication in smaller doses several times a day rather than in 1 dose can help. Taking your medicine with or without food might eliminate side effects such as nausea.
  • The type of medication. A different medication, or combination of medicines, may be able to stop your GERD symptoms with fewer side effects.

Don't make any of these changes without first speaking with your doctor.

Not all GERD medications have side effects. However, you should tell your doctor right away about any side effects. Often, they happen early in treatment and then disappear. For a few people, side effects are so bad they must stop taking the medication. Side effects vary for each type of GERD medication.

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