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Top 10 Eradicable Diseases

1

Malaria

Women in the Babile district in eastern Ethiopia receive mosquito nets to help prevent malaria during the largest bed net distribution campaign in the history of Africa.
Women in the Babile district in eastern Ethiopia receive mosquito nets to help prevent malaria during the largest bed net distribution campaign in the history of Africa.
NIH

The final disease in our Top 10 list is malaria. This disease is so elusive that even after a worldwide eradication effort it continues to kill approximately 1 million people each year. Sadly, it's very unlikely this disease will ever be eradicated. Why? Because it's caused by an unwieldy parasite that mutates faster than you can say m-a-l-a-r-i-a. What's the good news? It's preventable and curable. The best way to prevent malaria is to stop mosquito bites by using mosquito repellents or insecticide treated bed nets. There are also preventative medicines that can be taken orally. Treatment involves ingesting heavy antibiotics.

Eradicating malaria is as lofty a vision as it gets, and many have tried. In fact, four Nobel Prizes have been awarded for work associated with malaria. They went to Sir Ronald Ross (1902), Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1907), Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1927) and Paul Hermann Muller (1948).

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 More Great Links

 Sources

  • Staub, Emily. Public relations at The Carter Center. Personal correspondence. (Oct. 4, 2010).
  • Dowdle, Walter R., "Principles of Disease Eradication." The Centers for Disease Control. December 31, 1999. (Oct. 4, 2010).http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su48a7.htm
  • The Carter Center. "Guinea Worm Disease Eradication: Countdown to Zero." 1999. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.cartercenter.org/health/guinea_worm/mini_site/index.html
  • The Carter Center. "International Task Force for Disease Eradication." 2010. (Oct. 6, 2010)http://www.cartercenter.org/health/itfde/index.html
  • The Centers for Disease Control. "Lymphatic Filariasis Fact Sheet." April 24, 2008. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/lymphaticfilariasis/factsht_lymphatic_filar.htm
  • The Centers for Disease Control. "Cysticercosis Fact Sheet." March 31, 2008. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/cysticercosis/factsht_cysticercosis.htm
  • The Centers for Disease Control. "Onchocerciasis Fact Sheet." Sept. 11, 2008. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/onchocerciasis/factsht_onchocerciasis.htm
  • The Centers for Disease Control. "Malaria." February 8, 2010. (Oct. 6, 2010)http://www.cdc.gov/MALARIA/
  • The Centers for Disease Control. "Smallpox." February 6, 2007. (Oct. 6, 2010)http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/
  • Mayo Clinic. "Mumps." July 8, 2010. (Oct. 5, 2010)http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mumps/DS00125
  • Mayo Clinic. "Rubella." July 8, 2010. (Oct. 5, 2010)http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rubella/DS00332
  • The World Health Organization. "Malaria." 2010. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.who.int/topics/malaria/en/
  • The World Health Organization. "Smallpox." 2010. (Oct. 4, 2010)http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/smallpox/en/
  • The World Health Organization. "Poliomyelitis Factsheet." 2010. (Oct. 5, 2010)http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/
  • The World Health Organization. "Measles Factsheet." 2010. (Oct. 5, 2010)http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs286/en/

 

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