How is cystic fibrosis treated?

A person with cystic fibrosis requires a multidisciplinary team of professionals, including physicians, nurses, physical therapists, dietitians, social workers, and perhaps psychologists. Most cystic fibrosis treatment clinics are located in major hospitals. A comprehensive treatment plan early in life can drastically increase overall health and lifespan. The goals of cystic fibrosis treatment include prevention of lung infections, loosening and removal of sticky mucous in the body, preventing and treating intestine blockage, providing optimal nutrition and preventing dehydration.

There are several treatments for lung problems related to cystic fibrosis. Antibiotic medication is used for treating and preventing lung infections. Inhaler medication is used to open up airways. DNAse enzyme replacement therapy helps loosen sticky mucous in the lungs. Lung transplant and oxygen therapy are available in the event of serious lung problems related to cystic fibrosis. Parents of children with cystic fibrosis must learn how to do chest percussion and postural drainage at home, which allows the removal and clearing of mucous in the airways. This procedure must be done one to four times each day.

There are also several treatments for intestinal and digestion problems related to cystic fibrosis. Older children and adults are required to follow a special diet and vitamin supplement regimen to prevent gastrointestinal issues related to cystic fibrosis. Pancreatic enzymes are prescribed to help absorb fat and protein in the body. People with cystic fibrosis also receive psychological support for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. People with cystic fibrosis are encouraged to avoid smoke, dust, dirt, fumes household chemicals and mold. They are also encouraged to exercise regularly. As you may suspect, many people with cystic fibrosis and their families require ongoing support and counseling. Cystic fibrosis treatment involves lifelong attention [source: PubMed Health].

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