Top 10 Body Parts That Can Be Successfully Rebuilt


1
Bladder
This bladder was built with a patient's stem cells.
This bladder was built with a patient's stem cells.
Associated Press/Brian Walker

The bladder holds the distinction of being the first complex human organ to be rebuilt in a laboratory and placed in human patients. The patients' own cells were used to build the bladders. These cells were harvested during an operation to remove bladder damage and then placed on scaffolding that shaped the growing cells. The new bladders were ready in seven weeks, and in 1999, doctors performed the first operation to sew the new bladder to the existing one. The researchers performed seven such surgeries and followed the patients for a minimum of two years before announcing their success. This advancement holds tremendous promise for replacement organs. So many people die each year waiting for a transplant, but now it may be possible to harvest organs for those people before time runs out.

Related Articles

Sources

  • "About Dr. Jacono." New York Center for Facial Plastic and Laser Surgery. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.newyorkfacialplasticsurgery.com/AboutDr.Jacono.html
  • "Breast Reconstruction." Cleveland Clinic Plastic Surgery Department. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/breast_reconstruction/ps_overview.aspx
  • Briggs, Helen. "Full Face Transplant 'a success'." BBC News. April 23, 2010. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8639437.stm
  • Childs, Dan. "For Face Transplant Patients, Selection Criteria Could Stiffen in Future." ABC News. May 22, 2009. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://abcnews.go.com/Health/MindMoodNews/story?id=7649048
  • "Complex Organ Re-Engineered with Lab-Grown Tissue." Associated Press via CBS News. April 3, 2006. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/04/03/health/main1466809.shtml
  • Connor, Steve. "Breakthrough as scientists find way to rebuild muscle damaged in heart attacks." The Independent. March 31, 2001. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/breakthrough-as-scientists-find-way-to-rebuild-muscle-damaged-in-heart-attacks-689586.html
  • "Dental Implant Placement Options." American Academy of Periodontology. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.perio.org/consumer/2mb.htm
  • "Engineering a Blood Vessel." Wake Forest University School of Medicine. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.wfubmc.edu/research/wfirm/blood-vessel2.htm
  • Foster, Brooke Lea. "Healing from Domestic Violence." Parade. Aug. 2, 2009. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.parade.com/news/intelligence-report/archive/090802-healing-from-domestic-violence.html
  • "Hip Implants." American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00355&return_link=0
  • "Hip Replacement." Mayo Clinic. April 18, 2009. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hip-replacement/MY00235
  • "History of Total Joint Replacement." Utah Hip & Knee Center. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.utahhipandknee.com/history.htm
  • Jeffrey, Nancy Ann. "Corrective or Cosmetic? Plastic Surgery Stirs a Debate." Wall Street Journal. June 25, 1998.
  • "Knee Replacement." Mayo Clinic. May 15, 2010. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/knee-replacement/MY00091
  • Madrigal, Alexis. "Tooth Regeneration May Replace Drill-and-Fill." Wired. April 2, 2008. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.wired.com/medtech/health/news/2008/04/tooth_regeneration
  • "Microtia." University of Michigan Department of Surgery. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://surgery.med.umich.edu/plastic/patient/ped_procedures/microtia.shtml
  • Palca, Joe. "Stem-Cell Procedure Could Rebuild Heart Tissue." NPR. Aug. 26, 2007. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=13961314
  • Park, Alice. "The Science of Growing Body Parts." Time Nov. 1, 2007. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1679115,00.html
  • "Regenerative Medicine Success Story: A Tissue-Engineered Trachea." McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, the University of Pittsburgh. November 2008. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.mirm.pitt.edu/news/article.asp?qEmpID=395
  • "Replacement of Extracted Teeth." University of Iowa College of Dentistry. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.dentistry.uiowa.edu/public/patients/care/exteeth.html
  • "Replacement of Teeth." Simply Teeth. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.simplyteeth.com/category/sections/adult/ReplaceTeeth/IntroductionOverview.asp?category=null&section=6&page=1
  • Roberts, Michelle. "New Program Rebuilding Faces of Soldiers, Veterans." ABC News. July 27, 2010. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://abcnews.go.com/Health/MindMoodNews/wireStory?id=11257106
  • Skloot, Rebecca. "Immortal Skin." Popular Science. Dec. 13, 2001. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2001-12/immortal-skin
  • Smith, Carol. "Artificial Skin Offers Genuine Hope." Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Feb. 23, 2001. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.seattlepi.com/local/burn231.shtml
  • "Staged Ear Reconstruction." University of Michigan Department of Surgery. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://surgery.med.umich.edu/plastic/patient/ped_procedures/stagedear/
  • "Stem cells to naturally rebuild human joints." Agence France-Presse via Cosmos Magazine. July 30, 2010. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/news/3597/stem-cells-naturally-rebuild-human-joints
  • Thomson, Elizabeth A. "Mending broken hearts with tissue engineering." Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Nov. 2, 2008. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2008/heart-1102.html
  • "Total Knee Replacement." American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00389
  • University of Bristol. "Adult Stem Cell Breakthrough: First Tissue-engineered Trachea Successfully Transplanted." ScienceDaily. Nov. 19, 2008. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081119092939.htm
  • University of Washington. "New strategy to fix a broken heart: Scaffold supports stem cell-derived cardiac muscle cells." ScienceDaily. Aug. 10, 2010. (Oct. 19, 2010)http://www.sciencedaily.com­/releases/2010/08/100809171531.htm

UP NEXT

5 Things You Didn’t Know About Your Belly Button

5 Things You Didn’t Know About Your Belly Button

HowStuffWorks explores little-know facts about belly buttons, like why there is lint inside and why some people don't have a navel.


More to Explore