Along with other branches of the military, the Army has specialists dedicated to serve soldiers in flight.
Flight surgeons must know how to do their jobs while airborne [source: Department of the Army]. Usually, these experts have a specialty or knowledge of aerospace medicine, or a branch of medicine focusing on how atmospheric factors affect human health [source: Aerospace Medical Association].
These pros usually conduct routine check-ups for pilots and crews, occasionally riding alongside patients midair. When needed, they provide treatment to ill or wounded soldiers onboard a plane or helicopter. Because of the nature of the profession, flight surgeons receive special training and must be physically fit.
During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Army began to depend on helicopters to transport sick and wounded soldiers. Because of the deafening sound of these airborne machines, combat and flight medics had to act quickly to avoid further injury from the enemy [source: U.S. Army School of Aviation Medicine]. In addition, these medics were trained to perform their jobs amid helicopter noises and vibrations, an environment that makes monitoring patients' vital signs difficult and inserting intravenous catheters a challenge [source: Koyle].
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