Head injuries can seem minor at first, but can sometimes prove to be much more sever later. This is why correct first aid for head injuries is paramount.
Symptoms: Lump, cut, bruise, or dent in scalp; pain; unconscious-ness; drowsiness; confusion; blood or fluid draining from nose, ear, or mouth; vomiting; convulsions; dis-coloration under eyes; unequal pupils; breathing or speech difficulty; paralysis; restlessness.
Call for EMS for all but minor cuts and scrapes. Suspect back or neck injury if victim cannot move limbs or digits or has neck or back pain. (See back or neck injury.)
Monitor airway, breathing, and signs of circulation (see ABCs), and check for shock (see shock).
Keep victim lying down. DO NOT move victim or allow victim to move. DO NOT give victim anything to eat or drink.
- Control bleeding (see bleeding,external) but DO NOT press on dent in skull, remove impaled object, (see impaled object), or clean deep scalp wounds. Clean only minor wounds with soap and water.