First Aid for Bites or Stings
Symptoms of Allergic Reaction: Swollen lips, tongue, or ears; uneasiness or agitation; red face; hives; prickling and itching throat and skin; throbbing or ringing in ears; sneezing; coughing; breathing difficulty; nausea or vomiting; dizziness; loss of bladder or bowel control; convulsions; weak, rapid pulse; cold, clammy, pale skin; unresponsiveness. If victim shows any of these symptoms, call for EMS, and see allergic reaction.
Treatment for Sting Without Allergic Reaction:
- Carefully remove stinger by flicking it with your thumb and forefinger or scraping it out with the edge of a credit card. DO NOT squeeze stinger.
- Wash area gently with soap and water.
- Apply ice pack wrapped in clean cloth to area of sting.
- Place stung area lower than level of heart to slow spread of venom.
Any bite that penetrates skin can introduce infectious organisms into the victim's bloodstream.
Symptoms: Bleeding, teeth marks or torn skin, redness, swelling, pain
Call for EMS or transport victim to emergency room.
Until medical assistance is available:
If bleeding is severe, see bleeding,external. Otherwise you can allow punctures to bleed to help remove bacteria.
Wash puncture wound with soap and water, and rinse for 10 minutes. DO NOT clean a severely bleeding wound.
Apply sterile dressing or clean cloth, and secure with bandage.
If bite is from an unknown animal, call animal control or police, so animal can be caught and examined for rabies. DO NOT attempt to catch animal yourself.
- Observe for shock (see shock).