Zyloprim Overview

Zyloprim Indications

The calling card of gout: the swollen big toe.
The calling card of gout: the swollen big toe.
© iStockphoto.com/imagemonkey

Zyloprim is indicated to be used as a means of preventing gout symptoms. Allopurinol may also be prescribed to people who have certain kinds of kidney stones brought about by uric acid, as well as leukemia and lymphoma patients with high uric acid levels.

As we mentioned in the previous page, Zyloprim can't be used in the midst of an attack of the gout. For that, a medical provider will likely recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen and naproxen. If those don't work, then a gout sufferer may take a drug called colchicine or steroids.

However, once the immediate symptoms of gout are treated, Zyloprim is the next line of defense. By taking Zyloprim, patients reduce the risk of future outbreaks. That's important, because just one isolated outbreak of gout is rare. Once you suffer one attack, more are sure to follow. For that reason, Zyloprim is thought to be a lifetime drug; once you need it, you'll likely be on it for the rest of your life. Patients may be tempted to stop taking Zyloprim because they haven't had any gout symptoms, but that's due to Zyloprim lowering the levels of uric acid in the bloodstream.

The dosage of the Zyloprim is determined by the severity of the gout. In order to obtain the beneficial effects of the drug, 100 to 200 mg must be taken a day. The maximum recommended dosage is 800 mg a day. Generally, a mild case of the gout will yield a prescription of 200 to 300 mg a day, while 400 to 600 mg daily might be recommended for someone with more severe symptoms.

Often, Zyloprim is indicated to be used as an adjunct to a so-called "gout diet," in which purine-rich food and beverages are to be avoided. However, diet alone isn't usually not enough to bring on an attack of the gout, so regular use of Zyloprim should prevent future symptoms. That doesn't mean that people on Zyloprim should go hog wild, though. Those who suffer from gout are also likely to suffer from obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and heart attack [source: Los Angeles Times]. For that reason, gout sufferers should address their diet and exercise regimens.

Does Zyloprim have any side effects? Find out on the next page.