Laser Spine Surgery


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  • Aetna. "Clinical Policy Bulletin: Back Pain -- Invasive Procedures." July 27, 2011. (Sept. 30, 2011) http://www.aetna.com/cpb/medical/data/1_99/0016.html
  • Armstrong, David. "Laser Spine Surgery More Profitable Than Google Sees Complaints." Bloomberg.com. May 4, 2011. (Sept. 28, 2011) http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-04/laser-spine-surgery-more-profitable-than-google-sees-surge-in-complaints.html
  • Choy, DS. "History of Lasers in Medicine." NIH.gov. June 1998. (Sept. 29, 2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3046050
  • Deen, H. Gordon. "Effectiveness of Laser Spine Surgery for Pain Relief Remains Unproven." MayoClinic.org. June 26, 2009. (Sept. 28, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.org/medical-edge-newspaper-2009/june-26a.html
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease (NIAMS), National Institutes of Health. "Handout on Health: Back Pain." NIH.org. July 2010. (Sept. 30, 2011) http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Back_Pain/default.asp
  • University of Chicago Medical Center (UCMC). "Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery." UCHospitals.edu. 2011. (Sept. 30, 2011) http://www.uchospitals.edu/specialties/minisurgery/spine/
  • University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC). "Neck Pain and Sciatica: Surgery and Invasive Procedures." UMM.edu. 2011. (Sept. 30, 2011) http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_general_approach_severe_chronic_low_back_pain_000054_8.htm

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