Trauma, whether accidental or part of recovery from surgery, can cause scars to form. Scars are the body's way of protecting itself when the skin becomes injured. There are a few different types of scars: Hypertrophic, keloids and contractures are often severe enough to qualify as candidates for scar revision because they're typically thick, uncomfortable or reduce mobility. Minor scars that don't affect mobility or functionality (such as scarring from acne) aren't usually candidates for reconstructive surgeries, but rather could be minimized with cosmetic surgery.
Depending on scar tissue's type and location, scar revision surgery may help. Scar revision surgeries include procedures that can remove excess scar tissue, reposition the scar and minimize the scar's appearance, including the following treatments:
- Z-plasty for repositioning scars
- Skin flap closure for repositioning
- Tissue expansion for stretching the skin, making way for the scar to be removed and replaced with new skin
- Skin grafts, which leave behind a scar that's not as thick or impairing
Treatments won't make scars disappear, but they can help to reduce their appearance, make the scarred area smoother, and restore muscle and tendon functionality.