What are the common symptoms of depression?

If you talk with others about depression, you'll find that its symptoms vary for different people. For some, depression is mild but constant. For others, depressed moods may be more severe but come and go. Some people suffer only one period of depression in their lifetime. Others may have many episodes.

While symptoms may vary in different types of depression, mental health experts say these core symptoms are common:


  • feelings of sadness, despair, emptiness
  • inability to feel pleasure
  • low self-esteem
  • loss of motivation and withdrawal from others
  • feeling very sensitive emotionally
  • pessimism, negativity
  • feelings of irritability
  • sleeping problems
  • appetite problems
  • decreased energy
  • difficulty paying attention or making decisions
  • thoughts about suicide and death

To learn more about the symptoms of specific types of depression, see: