Some women are pretty confident they have better taste than men when it comes to a lot of things, including fashion and decorating. But when it comes to the physical sense of taste, there's actually scientific evidence the female sex is superior. In studies, women were found to be better at determining the differences in tastes — and even better at describing how things taste. Women are also more likely than men to be supertasters [source: Bartoshuk et al].
This detail isn't lost on experts in taste testing. When the Nofima Sensory Laboratory in Norway recruits "super sensors" for its research, it's always all women who make it through to the final selection process [source: Korneliussen].
Taste dominance isn't just limited to adult females, though. Studies have found that girls also have a more acute sense of taste than boys. A recent Danish study assessed the senses of taste of secondary and primary school children by evaluating their food preferences and their abilities to differentiate between sweet and sour tastes.
In the end, it was determined that the girls were better at recognizing tastes than the boys. The study concluded that boys needed food to be at least 10 percent more sour or 20 percent sweeter to achieve the same taste-detection levels as the girls [source: University of Copenhagen]. A fascinating aside, however, is that the boys in the study preferred sweeter and more extreme flavors than did the girls.
So what is it that makes girls and women have a better sense of taste? There's still plenty of research being conducted on the topic, but the most basic answer is one that science has already discovered: Women typically have more taste areas (fungiform papillae) and taste buds on their tongues than men [source: Bartoshuk et al].
It's suspected that, from an evolutionary standpoint, women's tasting tools are more developed because the female sex has a more important role in protecting offspring — both during and after pregnancy. This may be why women also tend to have a stronger sense of smell than men.
- Bartoshuk, L et al. "PTC/PROP tasting: Anatomy psychophysics, and sex effects." Physiology & Behavior. Vol. 56, Issue 6. Pages 1165-1171. December 1994. (Aug. 3, 2014) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031938494903611
- Bartoshuk, L et al. "Supertasting, earaches and head injury." Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. Vol. 20, Issue 1. 1996. Pages 79-87. (Aug. 3, 2014) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/014976349500042D
- Columbia University. "Male vs. Female: The Brain Differences." (Aug. 3, 2014). http://www.columbia.edu/itc/anthropology/v1007/jakabovics/mf2.html
- Korneliussen, Ida. "Women smell better than men." ScienceNordic. April 11, 2012. (Aug. 3, 2014) http://sciencenordic.com/women-smell-better-men
- University of Copenhagen. "Girls Have Superior Sense Of Taste To Boys." Science Daily. Dec. 18, 2008. (Aug. 3, 2014). http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081216104035.htm