De Bono, Edward

Bono, Edward de (1933- ), a Maltese psychologist, is considered by many to be the leading authority in the field of creative thinking and the teaching of thinking as a skill.

Edward Francis Charles Publius de Bono was born in Malta. He attended St. Edward's College in Malta during World War II (1939-1945). He then studied at the Royal University of Malta and earned a medical degree. He continued his studies as a Rhodes scholar at Christ Church College. Oxford University. He earned a master's degree in psychology and physiology and then a doctorate of philosophy in medicine. He also obtained a doctorate from Cambridge.

During his postgraduate studies, de Bono worked as a research assistant at Oxford University. He then became a lecturer there, until 1961, when he moved to the University of London. In 1963, he accepted the position of assistant director of research at Cambridge University. He and Josephine Hall-White married in 1971. The couple has two sons.

De Bono became a lecturer of medicine at Cambridge in 1976 and remained there until 1983. Since then, he has worked with a number of organizations, teaching thinking skills.

One of de Bono's techniques is called lateral thinking. He classifies thinking into two categories: vertical thinking, which uses the processes of logic to arrive at a solution, and lateral thinking, which involves disrupting an apparent thinking sequence and arriving at the solution from another angle. Much of his work is based on a view of the brain as a self-organizing information system.

De Bono has written several books, including The Use of Lateral Thinking (1967), Teaching Thinking (1969), and I Am Right, You Are Wrong (1990).