Great psychologists include famous psychoanalysts like Freud and Jung as well as lesser known psychiatrists. Learn how great psychologists have contributed to our knowledge of psychology.
Piaget, Jean (1896-1980), a Swiss psychologist, biologist, and philosopher. Piaget was a pioneer in the field of developmental psychology.
Rogers, Carl R. (Ransom) (1902-1987), a United States psychologist. He developed the â€œclient-centered,â€ or â€œnondirective,â€ approach to counseling persons with emotional problems.
Skinner, B. F. (Burrhus Frederic) (1904-1990), a United States psychologist.
Terman, Lewis M. (Madison) (1877-1956), a United States psychologist. In 1916 Terman published the Stanford-Binet test, an American revision of the children's individual intelligence test developed by the French psychologist Alfred Binet.
Thurstone, Louis Leon (1887-1955) was an American psychologist who was instrumental in the development of psychological tests.
Tolman, Edward Chace (1886-1959) was an American psychologist who revolutionized the field of behavioral psychology.
Watson, John B. (Broadus) (1878-1958), a United States psychologist. In Behavior (1914) and other books, Watson argued that psychologists, to be scientific, must study what people do, not what they say they think or feel.
Wertheimer, Max (1880-1943), a German psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Kurt Koffka, he was a founder of Gestalt psychology.
Woodworth, Robert Sessions (1869-1962) was an American psychologist known for his work in experimental psychology, a field that developed in the late 1800's and early 1900's.
Wundt, Wilhelm (1832-1920), a German physiologist and philosopher, is known as the father of modern psychology.
Yerkes, Robert Mearns (1876-1956) was an American psychologist known for his research on the behavior of apes.
Adler, Alfred (1870-1937), an Austrian psychologist, founder of the school of individual psychology.
Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961), a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist. He founded analytical psychology after his association (1906-13) with Sigmund Freud in the development of psychoanalysis.
Menninger, the family name of three United States psychiatrists. Their clinic for the mentally ill and their psychiatric training programs made Topeka, Kansas, a major psychiatric center.
Erikson, Erik H. (Homburger) (1902-1994), a United States psychoanalyst. Erikson, considered one of the world's foremost psychoanalysts, conducted significant research on the various stages of psychological development.
Freud, Anna (1895-1982), an Austrian-born British psychoanalyst. She was an authority on the teachings of her father, Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, and she also made important contributions to child psychology.
Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939), the Austrian physician who founded psychoanalysis.
Fromm, Erich (1900-1980), a German-American psychoanalyst and author. He applied psychoanalytic theory to problems of culture and society.
Horney, Karen (Danielsen) (1885-1952), a United States psychoanalyst. Disagreeing with Sigmund Freud's teachings, she held that anxiety and neurosis are caused by environmental and cultural factors in conflict with the individual's drive towards self-realization.
Baldwin, James Mark (1861-1934), a United States psychologist. He specialized in child and social psychology.
Binet, Alfred (1857-1911), a French experimental psychologist. The Binet-Simon Scale of Intelligence (1905, revised 1908 and 1911), by Binet and Theodore Simon, was the first successful standardized intelligence test.
Jastrow, Joseph (1863-1944), a United States psychologist. He opposed the theory of psychoanalysis and ridiculed spiritualism and experiments in psychical research.
Judd, Charles Hubbard (1873-1946), a United States educator and psychologist.
Koffka, Kurt (1886-1941), a German-American psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Max Wertheimer, Koffka was a founder of the Gestalt school of psychology.