10 Infertility Terms You Should Know when Trying to Conceive


Intrauterine Insemination

Whereas ART techniques can be used on a woman with blocked fallopian tubes, intrauterine insemination (IUI) can only be employed in the case of women whose tubes are fully functioning because it's vital to know that eggs can reach the uterus. Doctors will often perform a tubal patency test to check the fallopian tubes. Here are some methods through which this can be done:

  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Gas insufflation, where carbon dioxide gas fills the uterus and pressure is monitored to check for blockages
  • Laparoscopy, or a small incision through which a viewing scope is inserted

After a woman's fallopian tubes are known to function properly, doctors can perform an intrauterine insemination. In this procedure, a man's sperm is "washed" in a laboratory to separate fast-moving sperm from sluggish swimmers. Then, it's injected into the uterus using a catheter close to the time of ovulation.

To learn more about infertility and conception, check out the links below.

Related Articles


  • Better Health Channel. "Salpingitis." June 2010. (Nov. 29, 2010)http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Salpingitis
  • Bowen, R. " Gonadotropins: Luteinizing and Follicle Stimulating Hormones." Colorado State University. May 13, 2004. (Nov. 26, 2010)http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/endocrine/hypopit/lhfsh.html
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)." Oct. 21, 2010. (Nov. 23, 2010)http://www.cdc.gov/art/
  • Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority. "What is intrauterine insemination (IUI) and how does it work?" April 15, 2009. (Dec. 1, 2010)http://www.hfea.gov.uk/IUI.html
  • India Parenting. "Tubal Patency Tests." 2010. (Dec. 2, 2010)http://www.indiaparenting.com/fertility-issues/48_3172/tubal-patency-tests.html
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  • National Institutes of Health. "Infertility/Fertility." Oct. 30, 2006. (Nov. 23, 2010)http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/infertility_fertility.cfm
  • National Institutes of Health. "Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)." May 25, 2007. (Nov. 27, 2010)http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/Polycystic_Ovary_Syndrome.cfm
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  • Nippoldt, Todd B., M.D. "Abnormal sperm morphology: What does it mean?" Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Nov. 5, 2010. (Nov. 23, 2010)http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sperm-morphology/AN01305
  • Radiological Society of North America. "Hysterosalpingography." March 15, 2010. (Nov. 26, 2010)http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=hysterosalp
  • University Hospital and Medical Center at Stony Brook, Male Infertility Program. "Understanding Semen Analysis." March 23, 2001. (Nov. 24, 2010)http://www.umc.sunysb.edu/urology/male_infertility/SEMEN_ANALYSIS.html


Is a Woman More Likely to Get Pregnant Naturally After Adoption or IVF?

Is a Woman More Likely to Get Pregnant Naturally After Adoption or IVF?

HowStuffWorks looks at whether women dealing with fertility issues are more likely to conceive naturally after they adopt or get pregnant with IVF.