Does chlamydia affect fertility?

Is there a link between PID and chlamydia?

On the previous page we discussed the damage chlamydia can do to a woman's fallopian tubes. This harm is usually caused when the disease leads to a condition known as pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID).

PID is caused by bacterial infection. While it's possible that this type of infection can occur from any number of sources, most cases are caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea [source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention].

PID is a painful condition that can affect not only a woman's fallopian tubes, but also her uterus, which means in addition to infertility, it also has the potential to create problems with pregnancy. PID can complicate pregnancy in the womb, and it can also lead to ectopic pregnancy -- an unviable and life-threatening pregnancy that occurs when a fetus begins developing outside the womb.

The damage from PID, which usually results in scar tissue forming in or around the fallopian tubes, creates infertility by either keeping an egg from being fertilized by sperm or by preventing fertilized eggs from entering the uterus. These types of infertility can occur in 10 to 15 percent of women who have the disorder [source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention].

The primary symptoms of PID are pelvic or abdominal pain, intermittent fever and abnormal vaginal discharge. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact a doctor right away. Prompt treatment can reduce the odds of multiple PID infections.

If PID is linked to chlamydia, is it possible that endometriosis is as well? Find out on the next page.

More to Explore