10 Must-have Tests During Pregnancy


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Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring

During labor, your doctor will likely monitor the heart rate of your baby. Due to contractions, which temporarily limit the flow of oxygen to the fetus, the baby's heart rate will naturally change during birth. However, any changes that fall outside the normal range -- approximately 110 to 160 beats per minute -- could indicate that the baby is not getting enough oxygen overall, and steps would be taken to correct this [source: Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford].

For EFM, two belts are wrapped around the mother's abdomen -- one which measures the baby's heart rate and the other that measures contractions. Alternatively, internal monitoring may take place where an electrode is placed on the baby at the part nearest the cervix, which is usually the top of the head. For this type of monitoring, it is necessary for a woman's water to have broken.

Related Articles

Sources

  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. "Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring During Labor." July 2011. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp015.cfm
  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. "Hepatitis B Virus in Pregnancy." 2008. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp093.cfm
  • American Pregnancy Association. "Group B Strep Infection: GBS." March, 2011. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/groupbstrepinfection.html
  • American Pregnancy Association. "Rh Factor." Apr. 2006. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/rhfactor.html
  • American Pregnancy Association. "Triple Screen Test." Feb. 2006. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.americanpregnancy.org/prenataltesting/tripletest.html
  • babycenter.com. "Glucose screening and glucose tolerance tests." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.babycenter.com/0_glucose-screening-and-glucose-tolerance-tests_1483.bc
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  • birth.com.au. "Tests during pregnancy - what to expect and list." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.birth.com.au/Tests-offered-during-pregnancy/Tests-during-pregnancy-what-to-expect-and-list
  • Bissinger, Craig L. "Preeclampsia: A Closer Look." pregnancy.org. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.pregnancy.org/article/preeclampsia-closer-look
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  • KidsHealth.org. "Rh Incompatibility." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://kidshealth.org/parent/pregnancy_center/your_pregnancy/rh.html#
  • Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford. "Common Tests During Pregnancy." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.lpch.org/DiseaseHealthInfo/HealthLibrary/pregnant/tests.html
  • Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. "Multiple Marker Screening - A Prenatal Blood Test." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://fha.maryland.gov/genetics/muilti_marker.cfm
  • Mayo Clinic. "Amniocentesis." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/amniocentesis/MY00155/DSECTION=risks
  • Mayo Clinic. "Chorionic villus sampling." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/chorionic-villus-sampling/MY00154
  • Mayo Clinic. "Fetal Ultrasound." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-ultrasound/MY00777
  • Mayo Clinic. "Preeclampsia." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/preeclampsia/DS00583/DSECTION=complications
  • Mayo Clinic. "Pregnancy week by week." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prenatal-testing/MY01403
  • Mayo Clinic. "Rh factor blood test." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rh-factor/MY01163/DSECTION=why-its-done
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information. "Gestational Diabetes." Sept. 11, 2010. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001898/
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information. "Group B streptococcal septicemia of the newborn." Dec. 10, 2009. (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002342/
  • Patient.co.uk. "Pre-eclampsia." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Pregnancy-Pre-Eclampsia.htm
  • pregnancy.org. "Urine Test During Pregnancy." (Aug. 9, 2011) http://www.pregnancy.org/article/urine-test-during-pregnancy-urinalysis

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