A urologist is a medical doctor who has completed an additional five years of surgical training and has chosen to specialize in the branch of medicine called urology.

Urology involves the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the male reproductive organs and the urinary tract of both men and women. The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters and the urethra.

Men and women may consult a urologist about urinary tract problems, such as kidney stones, bladder infections and difficult or painful urination.

Men who have problems with the prostate gland may be referred by their general practitioners to urologists for more sophisticated diagnosis and treatment, possibly including prostate biopsy and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).

Some urologists have a subspecialty in male reproductive and sexual health. These specialists deal with male infertility problems, such as low sperm count and sperm abnormalities. They perform vasectomies and diagnose and treat erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction.

Specializing in Sexual Health

Urologists have an awareness of psychological factors that may contribute to or be responsible for erectile and ejaculatory problems. Often they have a collaborative relationship with certified sex therapists, and may refer patients to therapists when no organic causes of sexual dysfunction can be found.

It is important for a male with sexual or reproductive concerns to seek a urologist who identifies himself as specializing in sexual health.