Fish Oil and Blood Pressure
Many studies confirm that regular consumption of fish and fish oil contributes to a drop in blood pressure. This effect goes along with the prevention of artherosclerosis and the reduction of triglyceride levels. Reportedly, the reduction is dose-dependent -- that is, the more you take, the greater the effect you're likely to see. Even with robust supplementation, the decrease will probably be a modest one, though. People with elevated blood pressure may see a more significant drop. Blood pressure in the normal range has been found unaffected by fish oil [source: Morris, Sacks and Rosner].
Combining supplementation with other dietary changes may enhance the effect on blood pressure. In an Australian study, overweight patients who dieted (that is, restricted their caloric intake) while taking fish oil saw a drop in blood pressure. This group also enjoyed a 38 percent reduction in triglycerides and a 24 percent increase in HDL or "good" cholesterol [source: Mori, et al.].
High blood pressure is a concern for many heart transplant patients. In one study, doctors at the University of Oslo treated several heart transplant recipients with fish oil, and found it an effective means of preventing the hypertension that frequently accompanies the heart transplant process [source: Holm, et al.].
Bear in mind that taking fish oil, especially in higher dosages, can bring with it an increased risk of bleeding. If you are already on medication to lower your blood pressure or reduce coagulation, consult your physician before taking fish oil supplements. To learn more about fish oil, visit the links on the following page.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- Environmental Defense Fund. "Seafood Selector: Mercury in Fish and Shellfish." (Accessed 3/12/09) http://www.edf.org/page.cfm?tagID=15903
- FishOil4Health. "What You Need to Know Before Buying Fish Oil Supplements." (Accessed 3/12/09) http://fishoil4health.com/fish-oil-where-to-buy.html
- Healthy Oil Planet. "How Your Skin Benefits from Fish Oils." (Accessed 3/12/09)http://www.healthy-oil-planet.com/skin-benefits-fish-oils.html
- Holm, T. Andreassen, AK., Aukrust, P., Andersen, K., Geiran, OR., Kjekshus, J., Simonsen, S., Gullestad, L. "Omega-3 fatty acids improve blood pressure control and preserve renal function in hypertensive heart transplant recipients." European Heart Journal, 2001 March 22(5): 428-36, PubMed (Accessed 4/01/09) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11207085?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=1&log$=relatedarticles&logdbfrom=pubmed
- Larsen, Hans R. "Fish Oils: The Essential Nutrients." (Accessed 3/10/09)http://www.oilofpisces.com/fishoilnutrient.html
- Maroon, Joseph C., and Jeffrey Bost. Fish Oil: The Natural Anti-Inflammatory (Basic Health Publications, 2006). (Accessed 3/11/09) http://books.google.com/books?id=QORSA_YiY3wC
- Medline Plus. "Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Fish Oil, Alpha-Linoleic Acid." (Accessed 3/10/09)http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-fishoil.html
- Morris, MC., Sacks, F., Rosner B. "Does fish oil lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of controlled trials." Circulation 1993 Aug; 88(2): 523-33 Pub Med (Accessed 4/01/09) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8339414
- Mori, TA., Bao DQ., Burke, V., Puddey, IB., Watts, GF., Beilin, LJ. "Dietary fish as a major component of a weight-loss diet: effect on serum lipids, glucose, and insulin metabolism in overweight hypertensive subjects." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999; 70(5): 817-25. PubMed (Accessed 4/01/09) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10539741?ordinalpos=1itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum
- Oil of Pisces database. "Health Benefits of Fish Oils." (Accessed 3/10/09)http://www.oilofpisces.com/generalhealtheffects.html
- National Psoriasis Foundation (Accessed 4/01/09) http://www.psoriasis.org/treatment/psoriasis/diet/supplements.php
- University of Manchester. "Fish Oils to Boost Skin Health." (Accessed 3/10/09)http://www.manchester.ac.uk/aboutus/news/display/?id=4310
- Weil, Andrew. "Why I Still Take My Daily Fish Oil." Time, June 20, 2006. (Accessed 3/10/09) http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1205361,00.html