Exercise During a workout, levels of chemicals called beta-endorphins rise. These chemicals positively impact mood and behavior. Experts say that exercising at least three times a week can reduce anger and depression and fight stress during PMS.
Stress Reduction Although stress doesn't cause PMS, it can worsen its symptoms. Relaxation techniques such as meditation and yoga are often effective in relieving stress.
Medications When diet, exercise and stress reduction aren't enough to alleviate symptoms, medications may be needed. Over-the-counter medicines, such as those containing acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin), can relieve cramping and other minor aches and pains. Some medications are marketed specifically to women experiencing PMS symptoms. These medications, which include Midol and Pamprin, typically include a combination of aspirin or acetaminophen for pain plus diuretics. Diuretics prevent water retention to relieve bloating. For women with PMDD (see below), antidepressant drugs such as sertraline hydrochloride (Zoloft) and fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem) can alleviate depression. In severe cases, birth control pills can be used to stop ovulation completely.
For more information on PMS and related topics, check out the links below.
- 25 Home Remedies for Premenstrual Syndrome
- How Depression Works
- How B Vitamins Work
- How Vitamin D Works
- How Diabetes Works
- How Caffeine Works
- How Chocolate Works
- How Menstruation Works
- Menstruation and Breast Tissue
- How Sex Works
- Oral Contraceptives
- How Menopause Works
- Why do we get headaches?
- 14 Ways to Get Rid of Acne
- 11 Home Remedies for Oily Hair
More Great Links
- Hale, Ellen. "Relieving PMS." http://www.menopause-pms-progesterone.org/pms/relieving-pms.html
- "Hormones Trigger PMS - But Susceptibility Still a Mystery." National Institutes of Health Press Release, January 21, 1998. http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/jan98/nimh-21.htm
- "Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle." http://www.4woman.gov/faq/menstru.htm
- "Medical Treatment of PMS Premenstrual Syndrome." http://www.usdoctor.com/pms.htm
- The National Women's Health Information Center. Premenstrual Syndrome. http://www.4woman.gov/faq/pms.htm
- "PMS and Adrenal Stress Hormones" Great Smokies Diagnostic Lab. http://www.gsdl.com/home/assessments/finddisease/pms/adrenal_hormones.html
- "PMS and Female Sex Hormones." Great Smokies Diagnostic Labs. http://www.gsdl.com/home/assessments/finddisease/pms/female_hormones.html
- "PMS: Sorting Fact from Fiction." http://www.pdrhealth.com/content/women_health/chapters/fgwh03.shtml
- Premenstrual Syndrome. http://www.womenshealthchannel.com/pms/index.shtml
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Updates, September-October 2000. http://www.fda.gov/fdac/departs/2000/500_upd.html
- Watson, Stephanie and Miller, Kelli. The Endocrine System. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc, 2004.
- "What are the Lifestyle Measures for Managing Premenstrual Syndrome?" http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_lifestyle_measures_managing_premenstrual_syndrome_000079_8.htm
- "What Causes Premenstrual Syndrome?" http://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_causes_premenstrual_syndrome_000079_4.htm