Dentists are concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and malformations of the teeth, mouth, and jaws. Most people select a dentist with a general practice who can provide routine dental care and, if necessary, can recommend a dental specialist for those conditions needing specialized treatment. Some of the dental specialties include the following practices:
- Orthodontia (straightening of teeth)
- Periodontia (treatment of gums and underlying bone)
- Endodontia (root canal treatment)
- Exodontia (tooth extraction)
A dentist who is planning to establish a general practice completes four years of dental school and perhaps an optional one-year general residency. Dental specialists have additional training in their chosen specialty.
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