Dentists are concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and malformations of the teeth, mouth, and jaws. Most people select a dentist with a general practice who can provide routine dental care and, if necessary, can recommend a dental specialist for those conditions needing specialized treatment. Some of the dental specialties include the following practices:

  • Orthodontia (straightening of teeth)
  • Periodontia (treatment of gums and underlying bone)
  • Endodontia (root canal treatment)
  • Exodontia (tooth extraction)

A dentist who is planning to establish a general practice completes four years of dental school and perhaps an optional one-year general residency. Dental specialists have additional training in their chosen specialty.


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This information is solely for informational purposes. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. Neither the Editors of Consumer Guide (R), Publications International, Ltd., the author nor publisher take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading or following the information contained in this information. The publication of this information does not constitute the practice of medicine, and this information does not replace the advice of your physician or other health care provider. Before undertaking any course of treatment, the reader must seek the advice of their physician or other health care provider.