Memory, the mental process of bringing into the conscious mind material that has been learned and retained. It also refers to the material itself.
In measuring memory, psychologists test two skills: (1) recall and (2) recognition. Typically, the person being tested is given a list of words to memorize. In testing for recall memory he is asked to write down or recite as many of the words as he can. In testing for recognition memory he is given a second list of words and asked to indicate which ones were on the original list. Recognition memory is usually more accurate because the words are available as retrieval cues.