Planning to tie one on for that upcoming birthday party or pub crawl? You might want to pick up a hangover patch to stave off an unwanted, painful hangover the next morning.
There are a number of patches on the market, like Bytox and RallyPatch, both of which recommend that the product be applied to clean, dry skin prior to drinking. Still, it seems almost too good to be true that a stick-on remedy can magically prevent the splitting headache, nausea and general malaise that often comes with a hangover.
The Science of the Patch
Hangovers happen when people drink too much alcohol without replacing much-needed nutrients. Alcohol is a well-known diuretic, meaning that it causes people to pee a lot more than normal, thus flushing nutrients that we rely on to feel good and causing potentially dangerous (or at the very least, uncomfortable) dehydration.
The loss of these nutrients, like the vitamin B complex, negatively impacts the central nervous system. Hangover patches endeavor to bolster the body with preemptive vitamins and minerals, to try to maintain nutrient levels during and after drinking. RallyPatch, for example, is a small transdermal patch that is best applied prior to consumption alcohol (although directions say it can be put on during or after drinking, too).
The patch is, "infused with all-natural vitamins that are designed to release over a 24-hr period to combat symptoms associated with a hangover," RallyPatch co-founder Brad Parker says in an email interview. These include Vitamins A, C, D, E, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B6, B9 (folate), B12, B5 (pantothenic acid), green tea extract, milk thistle, among others. "This special combination is perfect for fighting headaches and nausea, and most importantly the milk thistle protects your liver and brain while indulging in alcoholic beverages," Parker adds.
So, Do They Work?
It's hard to say. Hangover patches have never been put to a clinical study, as far as we could ascertain.
"The ingredients used in making these are commonly found in multivitamins," Richard Honaker, M.D., chief medical officer, Your Doctors Online, says in an email. "When it comes to medical research, there is no scientific evidence that these patches work. There is also little evidence to prove that vitamins can effectively absorb through the skin. Hence, the idea of their delivery through a patch is more of a placebo effect, in my opinion."
Although definitely not a scientific study, HowStuffWorks enlisted our social media manager Khiry Clements, who put a RallyPatch sample to the test. He applied the patch, then imbibed on a work night, consuming two shots and a drink, totaling 9 ounces (266 milliliters) of alcohol.
"The experience seemed normal. It was like a regular night of drinking and a regular morning waking up. It seems to have worked," Clements reports. "If I know I have a night of heavy drinking ahead, I'd probably do it again."
It's also important to note that products like these aren't scrutinized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the same manner as medications. "Since RallyPatch is not intended to prevent, diagnose, cure or treat any medical illness or disease, the FDA does not evaluate the statements of the product," the company's website states. "RallyPatch is manufactured at a FDA regulated pharmaceutical company which always adheres to strict quality control procedures."
Reducing the Effects of a Hangover
Whether or not you find hangover patches to be effective, there are some other ways to reduce your next-day pain.
- When you drink, try to do so in moderation and make sure to drink plenty of water as well to counteract the dehydrating effects of alcohol.
- Never drink on an empty stomach, and be sure that your pre-drinking meal includes fats or carbohydrates, which are known to help the body absorb alcohol more slowly.
- Choose your drinks carefully. Some types of alcohol, usually dark-colored liquids like red wine, whiskey and brandy contain a type of compound called congeners, which are linked with harsher hangovers. Instead, opt for white wine, vodka or gin-based beverages, which don't have congeners.
- The next morning, eat breakfast to return your blood sugar to sufficient levels. Consider including foods high in antioxidants to repair some of the alcohol-induced damage, like berries, spinach, nuts and even dark chocolate. Some people swear by rehydration beverages, like sports drinks, but science has yet to really crack into whether those are effective, or not.