Ready to scrub in for the Army? Several types of surgeons are listed among the available specialties at the Army Medical Corps, including general surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, thoracic surgeons and peripheral vascular surgeons.
The general surgeon must be quite well-rounded, with training in just about everything from anatomy and immunology to pathology and emergency care. They're experts in diagnostics, and they must care for a patient through pre-op and during the operation, and they deliver postoperative care, as well.
Orthopedics, another specialty listed by the Army Medical Corps, is the branch of surgery concerned with the musculoskeletal system. That includes the bones and muscles, so orthopedic surgeons may diagnose and treat people with arthritis, breaks or fractures, dislocations, club feet and bow legs. They also work with the ligaments and tendons.
The thoracic surgeon can operate on anything in the thorax, including the heart, lungs and esophagus, and the peripheral vascular surgeon specializes in the circulatory system, treating ailments such as arteriosclerosis, traveling blood clots and pulmonary embolisms.