Sulfonamides are a type of antibacterial medication that is most commonly delivered orally or topically for burns. By thwarting bacteria's synthesis of folate, sulfonamides eventually starve bacterial colonies and prevent the spread of bacterial infections [source: Merck].
But sulfonamides also have the side effect of causing photoallergic reactions in patients as well. Remember that photoallergies occur when drugs are converted into haptens. This type of molecule creates an immune response in the body, leading to an allergic reaction that can spread to areas of the skin that haven't been exposed to sunlight.
Since sulfonamides absorb sunlight and turns that sunlight into haptens, users should stay out of sunlight during sulfonamide regimens. Typically, the photoallergic reaction takes the form of a rash, a deep itch that isn't satisfied by scratching (called pruritus) and blisters [source: Merck].
- Bielan, Barbara. "What's your assessment?" Dermatology Nursing. September 19, 2003. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/460618
- Diette, KM, et al. "Coal tar phototoxicity: characteristics of the smarting reaction." Journal of Investigative Dermatology. April 1985.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3981039
- HealthSquare. "Tetracycline." Accessed May 20, 2010.http://www.healthsquare.com/newrx/tet1439_2.htm
- Lawvere, Silvana, PhD and Mahoney, Martin C. MD, PhD. "St. John's Wort." American Family Physician. December 1, 2005.http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2249.html
- Mayo Clinic. "Coal tar (topical route)." November 1, 2009.http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR601911
- Merck. "Photosensitivity: reactions to sunlight." August 2007.http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec10/ch115/ch115c.html
- Merck. "Sulfonamides." July 2009.http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec14/ch170/ch170n.html
- Milinois, Haralampos J, et al. "Hypersensitivity syndrome caused by amitriptyline administration." Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2000.http://pmj.bmj.com/content/76/896/361.abstract
- National Psoriasis Foundation. "Mild psoriasis: over-the-counter (OTC)." Accessed May 20, 2010.http://www.psoriasis.org/netcommunity/sublearn03_mild_OTC
- Skin Cancer Foundation. "Sun sensitivity - are you at risk?" Accessed May 20, 2010.http://www.skincancer.org/sun-sensitivity-are-you-at-risk.html
- WebMD. "Sun-sensitizing drugs." February 20, 2010.http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/sun-sensitizing-drugs
- Zhang, Alexandra Y, MD. "Drug-induced photosensitivity." eMedicine. January 15, 2010.http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1049648-overview
Aspirin may be good for your heart, but will daily aspirin affect your skin? See if this is a home remedy do or don't.