How does pregnancy affect the senses of smell and taste?

Lots More Information

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

More Great Links


  • Bhagat, Des Raj, Aniece Chowdhary, Sanjeev Verma, Jyotsana. "Physiological Changes in ENT During Pregnancy." Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. July-September 2006.
  • Brody, Jane E. "What Could Be Good About Morning Sickness? Plenty." New York Times. June 6, 2000. (July 15, 2008)
  • Gilbert, Avery N. and Charles Wysocki. "Quantitative Assessment of Olfactory Experience during Pregnancy." Psychosomatic Medicine. 1991. (July 15, 2008)
  • Kuga, Mutsumi, Minoru Ikeda, Kunio Suzuki and Shigeo Takeuchi. "Changes in Gustatory Sense During Pregnancy." Acta Otolaryngol. 2002.
  • Murkoff, Heidi. "Heightened Sense of Smell." What to Expect. (July 15, 2008)
  • "New evidence connects nausea to sense of smell." Stanford Report. Sept. 20, 2000. (July 15, 2008)
  • Nordin, Steven, Daniel A. Broman, Jonas K. Olofsson and Marianne Wulff. "A Longitudinal Descriptive Study of Self-reported Abnormal Smell and Taste Perception in Pregnant Women." Chemical Senses. 2004. (July 15, 2008)
  • Pletsch, Pamela K. and Anna Thornton Kratz. "Why Do Women Stop Smoking During Pregnancy? Cigarettes Taste and Smell Bad." Health Care for Women International. 2004.
  • Sample, Ian. "Do pregnant women really make the best wine tasters?" The Guardian. March 25, 2004. (July 15, 2008)
  • Swallow, Brain L., Stephen W. Lindow, Mo Aye, Ewan A. Masson, Cesarettin Alasalvar, Peter Quantick, Jon Hanna. "Smell perception during early pregnancy: no evidence of an adaptive mechanism." BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology." January 2005.
  • "Tesco wine tasting plans slammed." BBC. March 22, 2004. (July 15, 2008)
  • ­ ­­"Vive la Difference: Women's Sense of Smell." Harvard Women's Health Watch. April 2002.