Healthcare System

Taking care of your health involves choosing a doctor and understanding how to best get the care you need. This section will help you deal with these issues and provide some fun and shocking facts about the medical field.


Finding the right medical team to help manage a brain disease is a crucial part of getting good treatment and care. Check out what you need to know about choosing the right doctor in this article.

You just got a new job. You go in on your first day, get your ID badge and fill out all of your paperwork. You start work immediately, but your insurance doesn't start working for you for another 30 days. Why do you have to wait?

Elective procedures can be as simple as Botox injections or as complicated as angioplasty or infertility treatments. But regardless, they're going to cost you, not your insurance company.

Doctors use slang terms to save time during their day to day operations. You'll find that some of the terms are quite humorous because of the way they describe the ailment. Find out what physicians are really saying when they use medical slang.

Allergists and immunologists are concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders related to immunity -- the body’s ability to resist disease or threatening substances. Learn about allergists and immunologists.

Anesthesiologists are specialists in the use of drugs that stop pain. Though some medical procedures can be done with a local anesthetic, others require that the patient remain unconscious. Learn about anesthesiologists.

Dermatologists study disorders of the skin, ranging from acne to skin cancer. Dermatologists also have training in allergies, since many skin conditions have been recognized as allergic reactions. Learn more about what dermatologists do.

Cardiologists study and treat disorders of the heart and circulatory system, including such conditions as rheumatic heart disease in children and congestive heart failure in adults. Learn more about what cardiologists do.

Dentists treat diseases, disorders, and malformations of the teeth, mouth, and jaws. In addition to providing routine dental care, dentists may specialize in such areas as orthodontia and periodontia. Learn more about what dentists do.

Hematologists study diseases and disorders of the blood and the blood-forming tissues. They are experts on cancer of the blood (leukemia) and on blood-clotting problems, such as hemophilia. Learn about what hematologists do.

Internists deal with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of adults. Like the family practitioner, the internist is trained to handle a wide range of illnesses. Find out about what internists do.

Nephrologists specialize in treating kidney disorders. Patients are usually referred to nephrologists when kidney problems are diagnosed as needing specialized care. Nephrologists may make use of medications or dialysis to treat their patients.

Neurologists study the field of medical science that is concerned with the nervous system -- the brain, the spinal cord, and the complex network of nerves. Learn about what neurologists do.

An occupational physician specializes in the study, diagnosis, and treatment of a vast range of illnesses caused by industrial and business environments. Those include asbestos-induced cancer and feet injuries. Learn what occupational physicians do.

Oncologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of tumors, particularly cancer. There are subspecialists within the field of oncology, such as pediatric oncologists, gynecologic oncologists, and radiation oncologists. Find out exactly what oncologists do.

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries of the eyes, such as cataracts and glaucoma. Most ophthalmologists are also eye surgeons. Learn about what ophthalmologists do.

Orthopedists are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the bones and joints, including broken bones, bone tumors, and other problems of the skeletal system. Learn about what orthopedists do.

Otolaryngologists -- or ear, nose, and throat specialists -- focus on the diagnosis and treatment of problems related to the ear, nose, and throat, commonly referred to as ENT. Learn about what otolaryngologists do.

Pathologists study the changes in body tissues brought about by disease and the ways in which these changes provide clues to the causes of disease and death. Learn about what pathologists do.

Pediatricians specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of children from birth through adolescence. They often serve as primary care physicians for children. Learn more about what pediatricians do.

While cardiovascular surgeons treat disorders that affect the heart and its blood vessels specifically, peripheral vascular surgeons treat conditions that affect the rest of the circulatory system. Learn about what peripheral vascular surgeons do.

Physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists are concerned with the diseases and disorders of the neuromuscular system (the nerves and muscles). Learn more about what physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists do.

Podiatrists treat diseases and injuries of the feet. Doctors in this area have degrees in podiatric medicine but not M.D. degrees, and they have not attended medical school. Learn about what podiatrists do.

Preventive medicine specialists seek to prevent illnesses. This field of medicine is also concerned with reviewing present health services and anticipating and planning to meet future medical needs. Learn what preventive medicine specialists do.

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who deals with mental disorders. Many psychiatrists use psychoanalysis as part of their diagnostic method, and all psychiatrists have intensive training in psychology. Learn about what psychiatrists do.

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