Great psychologists include famous psychoanalysts like Freud and Jung as well as lesser known psychiatrists. Learn how great psychologists have contributed to our knowledge of psychology.
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Watson, John B.

Watson, John B. (Broadus) (1878-1958), a United States psychologist. In Behavior (1914) and other books, Watson argued that psychologists, to be scientific, must study what people do, not what they say they think or feel.

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  • Koffka, Kurt

    Koffka, Kurt

    Koffka, Kurt (1886-1941), a German-American psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Max Wertheimer, Koffka was a founder of the Gestalt school of psychology. See more »

  • Lashley, Karl Spencer

    Lashley, Karl Spencer

    Lashley, Karl Spencer (1890-1958) was an American psychologist who researched the correlation between brain function and learning. See more »

  • Lewin, Kurt

    Lewin, Kurt

    Lewin, Kurt (1890-1947), a German-born American psychologist, developed the field theory of behavior and helped found modern experimental social psychology. See more »

  • Maslow, Abraham Harold

    Maslow, Abraham Harold

    Maslow, Abraham Harold (1908-1970), an American psychologist, is best known for launching humanistic psychology, which emphasizes the independent value of human beings and their ability to develop to their full potential. See more »

  • McDougall, William

    McDougall, William

    McDougall, William (1871-1938) was a British psychologist who founded the school of purposive psychology, which suggested that humans and animals act for specific purposes, with the actions directed toward achieving certain goals. See more »

  • Menninger (family)

    Menninger (family)

    Menninger, the family name of three United States psychiatrists. Their clinic for the mentally ill and their psychiatric training programs made Topeka, Kansas, a major psychiatric center. See more »

  • Overstreet, Harry and Bonaro

    Overstreet, Harry and Bonaro

    Overstreet, Harry and Bonaro, United States authors, husband and wife. Most of their books are discussions of various aspects of contemporary sociology, psychology, or philosophy in a popular vein. See more »

  • Piaget, Jean

    Piaget, Jean

    Piaget, Jean (1896-1980), a Swiss psychologist, biologist, and philosopher. Piaget was a pioneer in the field of developmental psychology. See more »

  • Rogers, Carl R.

    Rogers, Carl R.

    Rogers, Carl R. (Ransom) (1902-1987), a United States psychologist. He developed the “client-centered,” or “nondirective,” approach to counseling persons with emotional problems. See more »

  • Skinner, B. F.

    Skinner, B. F.

    Skinner, B. F. (Burrhus Frederic) (1904-1990), a United States psychologist. See more »

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