Great Psychologists

Great psychologists include famous psychoanalysts like Freud and Jung as well as lesser known psychiatrists. Learn how great psychologists have contributed to our knowledge of psychology.

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Koffka, Kurt

Koffka, Kurt (1886-1941), a German-American psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Max Wertheimer, Koffka was a founder of the Gestalt school of psychology.


Tolman, Edward Chace (1886-1959) was an American psychologist who revolutionized the field of behavioral psychology.

Watson, John B. (Broadus) (1878-1958), a United States psychologist. In Behavior (1914) and other books, Watson argued that psychologists, to be scientific, must study what people do, not what they say they think or feel.

Wertheimer, Max (1880-1943), a German psychologist. With Wolfgang Khler and Kurt Koffka, he was a founder of Gestalt psychology.

Woodworth, Robert Sessions (1869-1962) was an American psychologist known for his work in experimental psychology, a field that developed in the late 1800's and early 1900's.

Wundt, Wilhelm (1832-1920), a German physiologist and philosopher, is known as the father of modern psychology.

Yerkes, Robert Mearns (1876-1956) was an American psychologist known for his research on the behavior of apes.

Adler, Alfred (1870-1937), an Austrian psychologist, founder of the school of individual psychology.

Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961), a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist. He founded analytical psychology after his association (1906-13) with Sigmund Freud in the development of psychoanalysis.

Menninger, the family name of three United States psychiatrists. Their clinic for the mentally ill and their psychiatric training programs made Topeka, Kansas, a major psychiatric center.

Erikson, Erik H. (Homburger) (1902-1994), a United States psychoanalyst. Erikson, considered one of the world's foremost psychoanalysts, conducted significant research on the various stages of psychological development.